||Course Offerings | Biology
Division of Science and Mathematics
Anne Lubbers (chair), Fidelis
Achenjang, Stephen Asmus, Christine Barton, Michael Barton, Stephanie
Dew, Ray Hammond, Daniel Henderson, Margaret Richey, Robert Ziemba; students:
Beth Ann Choate, Nathan Whitfield
Recommended Freshman-Sophomore Preparation
Students contemplating a major in biology should plan to take BIO 110 in the fall of their freshman year. CHE 131 (fall term) and CHE 132 (spring term) may be taken during either the freshman or the sophomore year. In the fall of either the sophomore or the junior year, students should plan to take CHE 241. BIO 210 and BMB 210 (in either order) should be completed no later than the end of the junior year. In addition to these required courses, prospective majors are strongly encouraged to enroll in one or more 200-level biology courses during their freshman and sophomore years. Any prospective biology major with specific graduate/pre-professional school goals should consult with a member of the biology faculty (or one of the specific pre-health careers advisors) early in the students academic career to determine both the types of courses that should be taken and the specific terms in which these courses should be taken to best attain the post-graduate goals.
Requirements for the Major
BIO 110, 210;
CHE 131, 132, 241;
BIO 310 or 320 or BIO 330, 340, 360, 370, 500;
Two additional BIO courses numbered 300 or higher. BMB 310, 320, 330, and 340, and PYB 320 and 330 may also be used to fulfill this requirement. However, at least ONE of the two courses must be a BIO course;
One term of math is required, which can be satisfied by taking MAT 160, MAT 170, or CSC 117. In addition, MAT 130 is strongly recommended. Students who place in MAT 171 or higher at entrance are not required to complete any course work in math.
Requirements for the Minor
A minimum of 23 credit hours chosen to include BIO 110, BIO 210, BMB 210, CHE 131, and three BIO courses numbered 300 or above. Appropriate BMB or PYB courses may be substituted with approval of the Biology Program Committee.
BIO 110 The Unity and
Diversity of Life (four credit hours)
An introduction to biology through the integrating theme of evolution.
The first half of the course develops the foundations of biological unity:
cell structure and function, bioenergetics, and genetic control. The last
half of the course begins with a survey of the major groups of organisms
illustrating the diversity of life. After a brief introduction to formal
principles of evolution responsible for the origin of this diversity,
the course concludes with a grounding in ecological relationships which
govern survival at all levels of biological organization. Laboratory work
BIO 210 Introduction to Evolutionary Genetics (four credit hours)
A survey of the basic principles of evolution and genetics at the cellular,
organismal, and population levels in plants, animals, and microorganisms.
In this course, students learn the basic mechanism of inheritance in individuals,
the molecular basis for this genetic expression, and the mechanisms of
evolution that account for genetic changes within populations. A weekly
laboratory is required. Prerequisite: BIO 110.
BIO 225 The Human Animal
An introduction to the anatomical characteristics and physiological
processes associated with the major organ systems in healthy individuals.
The evolutionary history and ecological impacts of the human species are
also discussed. Prerequisite: BIO 110, CHE 131.
BIO 245 Freshwater Biology
An introduction to the types of organisms associated with freshwater
habitats and the physical, chemical, and biological processes that influence
their distribution. Field work is required. Prerequisite: BIO 110 is recommended.
BIO 251 Natural History of the Bahamas
An exploration of the cultural and natural history of the Bahamian
archipelago focusing on the problems associated with reconciling economic
development, which rests largely on tourism, with the desire to maintain
the natural ecosystems characteristic of the Caribbean. The following
topics are investigated: discovery and settling of the Bahamas, the environment,
with emphasis on marine ecosystems, and the current social and economic
conditions. (Conducted in the Bahamas.)
BIO 255/455 The Biology of Viruses
An introduction to the biology of viruses (virology). This course
covers the taxonomy, replication, pathogenesis, control, and evolution
of viruses in bacteria, plants, and animals. Prerequisite: BIO 110 for
255; BIO 110 and BMB 210 for 455.
BIO 310 Invertebrate Biology
A study of the morphological adaptation, evolutionary relationships,
and diversity of invertebrate phyla. Emphasis is on the structural adaptations
witnessed in the design of invertebrate body plans with some consideration
for the ecological relationships of selected invertebrate communities.
Prerequisite: BIO 110.
BIO 320 Natural History of Vertebrates
The life histories and adaptations of vertebrates are studied with
an emphasis on the origins and evolution of the modern classes. Adaptations
of vertebrates to the opportunities and constraints imposed by aquatic
versus terrestrial conditions are examined. Special consideration is given
to aspects of vertebrate biology that are of particular relevance to the
human condition. Prerequisite: BIO 110.
BIO 325 Vertebrate Morphology (four credit hours)
The structure of vertebrate organ systems is studied through lectures
and lab dissections. The phylogeny of vertebrates is traced through consideration
of the adaptation of organ systems to specific environmental requirements.
A weekly lab is required. Prerequisite: BIO 110.
BIO 330 Entomology (four credit hours)
An introduction to the biology of insects. This course focuses on the
morphological adaptations, life history strategies, behavior, ecological
and evolutionary relationships, and diversity of insects. A weekly lab
and field work are required. Prerequisite: BIO 110.
BIO 335 Developmental Biology (four credit hours)
A study of the development of animals, primarily vertebrates, from fertilization
through the development of all major tissue and organ systems. Topics
include classical embryology and cellular and molecular aspects of development.
Lab work includes studying the developmental anatomy of selected vertebrates.
Prerequisite: BIO 110 and BMB 210.
BIO 340 Microbiology (four credit hours)
An introduction to the biology of microorganisms. The course focuses on
the anatomy, classification, reproduction, metabolism, molecular genetics,
and control of bacteria; fungi protozoa, algae, and viruses are also discussed.
A laboratory is required. Prerequisite: BIO 110 and BMB 210.
BIO 345 Histology (four credit hours)
A study of the microscopic anatomy of vertebrate tissues and organs. Lectures
focus primarily on correlating cell organization and physiology with the
functions of the particular tissue/organ system and on how tissue types
are distributed throughout the organism. Lab work includes the microscopic
identification of all major tissues and organs and acquiring experience
with tissue processing and "staining" techniques. Prerequisite:
BIO 110 and BMB 210.
BIO 350 General and Comparative Animal Physiology (four credit hours)
A study of the integrative function of animal organ systems with emphasis
on the vertebrates. Adaptive physiological responses of organisms to environmental
change is also considered. Prerequisite: BIO 110; PSY 110 and BMB 210
are recommended. (Also listed as PYB 310.)
BIO 355 Immunology
A study of both specific and non-specific immunity. Particular emphasis
is placed on investigating specific immunity from a cellular and molecular
perspective, including its important roles in both medicine and research.
Prerequisite: BIO 110 and BMB 210; BIO 225 is recommended.
BIO 360 Plant Biology (four credit hours)
A survey of the anatomy, physiology, reproduction and life cycles of flowering
plants. Some aspects of the characteristics of bryophytes, ferns and gymnosperms
are also covered. The course emphasizes the relationships between plant
form and function in the context of evolution and ecology. Weekly laboratory
included. Prerequisites: BIO 110 and BIO 210.
BIO 365 Plant-Herbivore Interactions (four credit hours)
An examination of the ecological, biological, and behavioral factors governing
the nature of plant-herbivore interactions as well as the ecological and
evolutionary consequences of the interactions. In the laboratory section
of the course, students design, carry out, and analyze the results of
a group experiment involving live organisms. Prerequisite: BIO 330 or
360 or 370.
BIO 370 Principles of Ecology (four credit hours)
The interrelationships between organisms and their environment are examined
at four levels: individuals, populations, communities and ecosystems.
Topics covered include evolutionary adaptations, population dynamics,
species interactions, community structure, biogeochemical cycles and energy
flow. A survey of terrestrial ecosystems and a discussion of human influences
on ecological systems are also included. Weekly laboratory required. Prerequisites:
BIO 110 and BIO 210.
BIO 375 Conservation Biology
A study of the protection and restoration of threatened organisms
and ecosystems using ecology, genetics, and theoretical modeling. Issues
involved in practical decision making are explored with theory and case
studies, bringing in some of the legal, economic, and social issues. Prerequisite:
BIO 110, or NSC 120 with permission of the instructor.
BIO 500 Senior Seminar
A study of current research topics in biology. The course format will
involve extensive readings from the primary literature, formal written
and oral presentations by the students, and guest lecturers. Prerequisite:
Senior standing. 2001-2002 topics:
BIO 500 Carnivorous Plants and Blood-Sucking Animals
Extensive readings from the primary literature, formal written and oral
presentations, and guest lecturers. Prerequisite: Senior biology majors
BIO 500 No Breathe No Live
When respiration ceases, the organism dies. What are the basic factors
involved in respiratory gas exchange? What are some of the different mechanisms
that have evolved allowing animals to survive and thrive in their specialized
environments (e.g., water vs. land, flying vs. non-flying)? How do respiratory
diseases alter the normal gas exchange processes? What adaptations have
evolved in response to respiratory diseases in aquatic and terrestrial
animals? This seminar focuses on questions pertaining to respiratory mechanisms
of animals living in different environments. The course will rely on extensive
readings from the primary literature, formal written and oral presentations,
and guest lecturers. Senior biology majors only.