Course Offerings - Catalog 2012-13


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Anthropology and Sociology

Division of Social Studies


The Anthropology and Sociology Program explores the common intellectual foundations of these disciplines as well as noting where their emphases diverge. Certain core questions are at the base of this interdisciplinary program: What makes us human? How are we different from other creatures? What is the range of human diversity and why is it important? Can we make value distinctions between societies, and how can we understand and assess our own? Anthropology and sociology deal with philosophical concepts as well as with particular cultural details to bridge the gap between life sciences and humanities. The diversity of courses in this interdisciplinary program provides a unifying framework for understanding the totality of the human condition and experience.

Faculty

Beau Weston (chair), Andrea Abrams, Blakely Brooks, Robyn Cutright, Endre Nyerges, Phyllis Passariello


Students

Sarah Brown, Hillary Hannabass, Casey Jackson, Maria Mosquera

Recommended First-Year/Sophomore Preparation

ANT 110, 120;
SOC 110, 120

Requirements for the Major

ANT 110 and SOC 110;
ANT 120 or SOC 120;
ANT 301/SOC 301 or ANT 302/SOC 302 or ANT/SOC 305 or ANT/SOC 307, ANT 360 or ANT 380;
ANT 304 or SOC 303 or SOC 306;
ANT 500/SOC 500;
Four additional anthropology or sociology courses (at least three numbered 300 or above). (GNS 210 may be applied toward this requirement.)

Requirements for the Anthropology Minor

ANT 110 and 120;
ANT 301 or 302 or 305 or 307 or 360 or 380;
Three additional anthropology courses numbered 300 or above.

Requirements for the Sociology Minor

SOC 110 and 120;
SOC 303 or 305 or 306;
Three additional sociology courses, at least two of which must be numbered 300 or above. (MAT 130 or GNS 210 may substitute for one of the elective courses; the MAT 130 substitution is strongly recommended.)

Anthropology Courses

ANT 110 Introduction to Cultural Anthropology
An introduction to the perspectives and methods of cultural anthropology. Topics covered include the nature of culture; the relation of culture to language; the importance of the environment for human societies; and a cross-cultural examination of family structure, social organization, political and economic systems, religion, arts and folklore, and the impact of social and cultural change.

ANT 120 Introduction to Physical Anthropology and Archaeology
An introduction to major topics in physical anthropology and archaeology, including studies of human biological and cultural evolution, conflicting theories over the genetic and cultural bases of human behavior, history and methodology of archaeology, and on-going debates and new directions in these areas of anthropology.

ANT 301/SOC 301 Qualitative Field Methods
An introduction to the research process. Students are prepared to conduct research, including fieldwork, to evaluate and present research in a scholarly manner, and to critically evaluate the research of others. Basic techniques such as participant-observation, interviewing, and the use of documents are practiced in the field and evaluated. Prerequisite: ANT 110 or SOC 110.

ANT 302/SOC 302 Classics of Ethnography
An examination of classic anthropological field studies, focusing on the works and lives of key figures in the field. Course readings show how ethnographic data are gathered and how these findings are analyzed and interpreted. In this course, the interpretive search for meaning confronts the scientific quest for truth. Prerequisite: ANT 110 or SOC 110.

ANT 304 History of Anthropological Thought
A critical analysis of the history of anthropological theory and method, tracing the development of this Western discipline through its various understandings of humankind in general, and of non-Western cultures in particular. Prerequisite: ANT 110 or SOC 101 or permission of the instructor.

ANT/SOC 305 Research Methods
An introduction to the process of social research, data collection, and data analysis, with a focus on survey research methods. Prerequisite: ANT 110 or SOC 110 or permission of the instructor.

ANT 307 Feminist Ethnography and Methodology
A reading of ethnographies written by and about women while tracing the evolution of feminist thought and fieldwork in anthropology. Discussion of the ways in which the gender of the anthropologist does and does not make a difference in the field. The class also questions if there is a distinction between anthropology about women and feminist anthropology and, if so, what those distinctions are. In addition, students learn feminist thought, ethics and technique concerning qualitative methodologies such as interviews, oral histories, case studies, content analyses and participant observation. Prerequisite: ANT 110 or SOC 110 and sophomore standing or higher.

ANT 310 Cultural Linguistics
A methods course designed for anthropology majors and others interested in the structure and organization of language. Students begin with the repertoire of human vocalizations and learn to transcribe spoken language via the International Phonetic Alphabet. The other systems of linguistic organization—lexemes, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics—are explored within diverse world languages, including English. Students have opportunities throughout the semester to do field work, such as interviewing, conducting surveys, and researching linguistic phenomena that interests them, such as Japanese dialects, American Sign Language, urban slang, etc. Prerequisite: junior standing or permission of the instructor.

ANT 315 Community-Based Anthropology
This course is about the anthropology of community and the practice of community engagement. The anthropology of community employs a comparative approach to consider the means through which community dynamics and individual experiences influence each other. Community engagement includes the application of knowledge and skills to move a community toward positive change. Students work with a local community organization to (a) better understand the culture of the organization and the local community and (b) to contribute to the organization and local community in ways determined by the organization and community. This is an applied anthropology course where students put anthropological theory into practice. Prerequisite: Junior or senior standing.

ANT 320 The Anthropology of Tourism
The course includes an examination of the cultural, structural, and psychological aspects of the phenomenon of tourism, concentrating on its history, meaning, and growth cross-culturally, and its relationships to other types of recreation, pilgrimages, lifestyles, and world views. Other concerns are the social, cultural, ecological, and economic impacts of tourism on host communities and consideration in general of the relationships between tourism and acculturation. Prerequisite: ANT 110 or SOC 110 or permission of the instructor.

ANT 321 Anthropology of Development
An introduction to the concept, practice, and discourse of ‘development.' Using the perspective of anthropology, the course critiques the ‘development' ideology of the Western powers and examines its role in institutionalizing the so-called Third World. Several cross-cultural situations are compared, exemplifying a continuum of the successes and failures of various development projects. Alternative, indigenous versions of development possibilities are highlighted as offering potential paths for sustainable development, cultural survival, and human dignity.

ANT 332 Men and Masculinities
A study of how maleness is understood and experienced with particular attention to the different ways in which masculinity has historically been defined and achieved in various groups and cultures. The course also examines the ways in which constructions of manhood intersect with race, class, sexuality, age and other dimensions of identity.

ANT 333 Woman, Body, Culture
An examination of connections between culture and how women understand and experience the body, with particular attention to issues of reproduction, beauty and sexuality. For instance, by exploring the intersections between beauty, body size and culture, students gain insight into how women's identities are positively and problematically influenced by these factors. Other topics include varied cultural constructions of the breast, racialized constructions of sexuality, violence directed toward the female body and differential experiences of pregnancy and menopause.

ANT 336 Blackness in the Americas
This course is designed to address the following questions: Who is black? What is blackness? Is it how you look or what you do or your status in society? How much is biology and how much is culture? Is there one blackness or multiple blacknesses? What difference do class status and national identity make to the experience of blackness? Has there always been blackness and in what ways has it changed over time? In order to consider these questions, students compare the construction and experience of this identity in the United States, in Jamaica and in Brazil through a reading and discussion of contemporary ethnographies.

ANT 335 Race and Ethnicity
(See SOC 320)

ANT 337 African American Cultures
Understanding religion, music, dance, politics, economics or literature in American culture requires understanding African American culture. The African American experience spans four hundred years and includes a rich cultural heritage, a complex body of political and social ideas, and several ethnic and cultural identities. This course uses ethnography, novels and film to explore both historical and contemporary African American cultures. In addition, students have the opportunity to conduct fieldwork about the Black community in Danville.

ANT 340 Introduction to Folklore
A cross-cultural survey of the major forms of folklore and a consideration of the methodological and theoretical approaches used by anthropologists and folklorists in the study of folklore. Major genres of folklore are identified, methods for collecting folklore are discussed and analyzed, and folklore theory of the 19th and 20th centuries is identified and assessed. The place of folklore in the study of anthropology is explored. Prerequisite: ANT 110 or SOC 110 or permission of the instructor.

ANT 350 Ecological Anthropology
A study of interrelationships between populations, organization, environment, technology, and symbols. Established materialist paradigms in anthropology are critiqued and evaluated. New approaches to understanding issues of environmental degradation, world hunger, and Third World development and change are addressed, including historical ecology, political ecology, the ecology of practice, and remote sensing analysis. Prerequisite: ANT 110 or ANT 120.

ANT 360 GIS and the Environment
A problem-focused introduction to the concepts and applications of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and remote sensing as used in ecological anthropology and environmental studies. Students in the course receive hands-on training in the use of ArcGIS, the industry-standard GIS software, and the ERDAS IMAGINE remote sensing imagery processing software. Students also learn how to integrate data into geospatial analysis from sources such as maps, aerial photographs, Landsat satellite images and ethnographic field studies.

ANT 361 Forensic Anthropology
Forensic anthropology is a popular subject for TV crime dramas, but what do forensic anthropologists really do? This course is an introduction to the knowledge, methods, and skills applied by forensic anthropologists to identify human remains in a variety of medical and legal contexts. Via a series of case studies, the course covers topics such as general human osteology; skeletal indicators of age, sex, disease, trauma, and occupation; decomposition; and applications of forensic anthropology to crime scenes, mass disasters, and human rights cases. Prerequisite: ANT 120.

ANT 380 Archaeology: Theory and Practice
This course integrates the concepts of both research and cultural resource management, and prehistoric and historic archaeology. Utilizing classroom and field experience, new technologies and traditional methods of archaeological site excavation and interpretation are presented. Prerequisite: ANT 120.

ANT 381 Archaeology, Prehistory and Ancient Civilizations
An introduction to the methods and practice of archaeology as one of four subfields of anthropology, concentrating on world prehistory and the rise of ancient civilizations. The course includes a brief historical survey of archaeology as well as an overview of contemporary archaeological techniques. A focus on archaeological evidence for the major turning points in human history such as the domestication of animals and plants, the rise of agriculture and sedentary life, the related rise of cities and, ultimately, ancient civilizations, underlies the organization of the course. Prerequisite: ANT 110 or 120 or permission of the instructor.

ANT 382 An Archaeologist Looks at Death
Archaeological tombs have often been used as the basis for fanciful speculation on ancient religion or notions of the afterlife. However, in modern archaeology, analysis of ancient mortuary behavior aims at reconstructing past cultural patterns, social structure, and value systems. This course uses anthropological and archaeological theory, prehistoric case studies, especially Andean cases, and analysis of archaeological data to look at: (1) how archaeological study of human burials can reconstruct past deathways (mortuary practices, including treatment of the corpse and funerary rites); and (2) what deathways, in turn, can reveal about social dynamics, worldview, and the role of funerals (and the dead) for the living in past societies. Prerequisite: ANT 110 or SOC 110 or permission of the instructor.

ANT 383 Kentucky Prehistory
This course explores the prehistory of Kentucky and the surrounding region. Themes include the debates surrounding the peopling of the New World and the earliest human occupation of North America, central Kentucky's relationship to nearby complex Fort Ancient and Mississippian societies in the centuries before European arrival, and how archaeologists, indigenous communities, and the public collaborate and compete to portray past societies in the region. Student presentations, demonstrations of prehistoric technology, and visits to local sites are essential components of the course. The course includes a two-night field trip to sites in Southern Ohio. Prerequisite: ANT 110 or SOC 110.

ANT 384 Paleo-Kitchen: The Archaeology of Food
This course explores the human diet from evolutionary, physiological, and cultural viewpoints, informed by archaeological case studies. Topics covered include current debates over hominid diet; the nature of the first cooking; the causes and consequences of the shift from hunting/gathering to farming; archaeological techniques for reconstructing subsistence and cooking patterns; the development of food preparation spaces (kitchens), gender roles, and “domestic” life; and the nature of the earliest ancient cuisines. We end by considering implications for food and diet in contemporary society. Prerequisite: ANT 110 or SOC 110.

ANT 385 Inkas, Mayas, Aztecs
This course explores the archaeology of the Inka, Aztec, and Maya civilizations, among the most complex and intriguing prehispanic societies in the Americas. Focus is on the regional historical and cultural context, sociopolitical organization, artistic and architectural traditions, and daily life of each civilization. Ultimately, the course compares the origins, florescence, and collapse of Inka, Aztec, and Maya society on the basis of archaeological evidence, complemented by historical records and modern ethnography. Prerequisite: ANT 110 or ANT 120 or SOC 110 or permission of the instructor.

ANT 391 Native Peoples of North America
An introductory cultural survey of the native peoples of North America from their arrival in the New World to the present. Focus is on several selected native groups of the United States and Canada, exploring the complexity and diversity of their cultures, and their relationships with the “white” culture. Particular concerns are survival, change, identity, perceptions of self and others, and the Native American cultures of today. Prerequisite: ANT 110 and 120.

ANT 393 The Maya
An ethnohistoric, archaeological, and contemporary survey of Mayan culture. Emphasis is on the prehistory and history of the Maya, the traditional culture of the Maya including intensive examination of Mayan art and architecture, and the vital Mayan culture present in Mesoamerica today. Prerequisite: ANT 110 and 120.

ANT 500/SOC 500 Advanced Seminar
A seminar study of important works in anthropology and sociology. Topics change with the instructor; this course may be repeated. Prerequisite: Major or minor in anthropology/sociology and 15 hours of anthropology/sociology courses, or permission of the program.

Special Topics Courses Offered 2011-2012

ANT 451 Ancient Maya Culture
Students learn the principals and processes behind the development of universal high culture as seen among the ancient Maya. The course follows the cultural development of the Maya prior to their conquest by Europeans in the sixteenth century. Primary focus centers on understanding ancient Maya society as being shaped by a combination of internal cultural processes and interactions with other ethnic groups of ancient Mexico . The explanation of the ancient Maya is seen as the result of the events and processes that underlie the general growth of human culture throughout the world, particularly those that develop the kind of complexity referred to as civilization. Offered in Mexico.

ANT 456 Pyramids and Politics: Exploring Peru’s Prehispanic Past

This course addresses a central question in archaeology:  How, and when, did states first emerge? In the Andes, state-level societies emerged in the face of severe environmental restrictions and in a nonmarket economy, making the central Andes a particularly interesting comparative case study of state development.  Through visits to archaeological sites, museums, and other curtural experiences in Peru, this course will take a comparative perspective on the emergence, organization, and collapse of some of the most important prehispanic states in the central Andes.

Sociology Courses

SOC 103 Introduction to Family Life
An introduction to marriage and family life, focusing on the contemporary United States.

SOC 110 Introduction to Sociology
A survey of sociological concerns, including explorations of social solidarity and social conflict at the macro and micro levels, through classic texts and field research.

SOC 120 Social Structure
The backbone of society is made by stratified layers of power. The large structures of social relations, based on race, class, gender, religion, and other factors, shape the lives of individuals, families, communities and whole nations. This course studies how society is structured by these social forces and how leadership groups work within the social structure to direct society as a whole.

SOC 301 Field Methods
(See ANT 301)

SOC 302 Classics of Ethnography
(See ANT 302)

SOC 303 Macrosociological Theory
An examination of the major theoretical traditions and some classical theoretical texts of sociology. Prerequisite: SOC 110 or ANT 110 or permission of the instructor.

SOC 305 Research Methods
(See ANT 305)

SOC 306 Microsociological Theory
An examination of the major microsociological theories in sociology. These theoretical perspectives attempt to interpret and explain the social behaviors that arise in face-to-face settings. Prerequisite: SOC 11, ANT 110, or permission of the instructor.

SOC 307 Feminist Ethnography and Methodology
(See ANT 307)

SOC 310 The Sociology of Family Life
This course examines in some detail two important issues in family sociology as case studies. Students then use the model of these cases to pursue research projects in a workshop format. Cases for 2008: African-American marriage patterns and the falling birthrate in the industrial nations. Prerequisite: SOC 103 or permission of the instructor.

SOC 320 Race and Ethnicity
A study of the concept of “race” and the impact of that concept on the relations of ethnic groups. Prerequisite: SOC 110 or ANT 110 or permission of the instructor.

SOC 344 Sociology of American Religion
A survey of the main religions and denominations found in the United States. The course examines the competition of denominations and religions in the “religious marketplace.” It further examines how a generalized Judeo-Christian or Biblical religious tradition, as well as the idea of the competition of all the “disestablished” religious institutions itself, becomes part of a broad American civil religion. Prerequisite: SOC 110 or ANT 110 or REL 120 or permission of the instructor.

SOC 350 Criminology
This course provides an introduction to the field of criminology. The course includes material on sociological theories of crime, research methods used to study crime, and empirical research on the predictors of crime and criminal behavior. Additional course topics include criminal law, the distribution of crime, explanations for criminal behavior, and selected types of crime (e.g., robbery, assault, homicide, white-collar). Prerequisite: SOC 110 or ANT 110 or permission of the instructor.

SOC 351 Sociology of Law
An examination of the theoretical approaches to understanding law-in-society and a review of the empirical research on the relationship between law and society, including research on juries, criminal justice (e.g., police, courts, prisons), civil justice, and social change. Prerequisite: ANT 110 or SOC 110 or permission of the instructor.

SOC 360 Social Psychology
A study of individuals in their social and cultural settings. Emphasis is placed on empirical research into the social factors involved in perceptual-cognitive processes, attitude organization and change, intergroup relations, group productivity, the socializing process, and the effects of culture on personality. Students perform laboratory and field experiments designed to investigate basic processes of social psychology. Prerequisite: PSY 110 or senior standing and permission of the instructor. PSY 210 is recommended. (Also listed as PSY 360.)

SOC 380 Death and Dying
A sociological overview of death and dying. Topics include definitions of death, social epidemiology, the demographics of health and mortality, the social meaning of death and dying, and survivors' experiences with grief and bereavement. Prerequisite: ANT 110 or SOC 110 or permission of the instructor.

SOC 500 Advanced Seminar
(See ANT 500)